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Watch the video with English subtitles:

"In the streets of Muranów district, like Dzika, Dzielna, Karmelicka, Leszno, Żelazna, Grzybowska, Ciepła, all the way to Twarda, corner with Sienna street, the busiest passageways of the area, through which tens of thousands of passers-by go on a daily basis. First impression? It's like you were in a beehive or wasp nest". - It's just a tiny part of the thousands of testimonies gathered in the so-called  Ringelblum Archive, an underground archive of the Warsaw Ghetto.

On the 79th anniversary of the outbreak of the uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto, we are recalling the testimonies of the residents of the Ghetto: Zygmunt Millet, Stefan Różycki, Rachel Auerbach, Wojdysławski, Stanisław Różycki, Abraham Lewin, Nachum Grzywacz, Lajzor Czarnobroda and two unknown authors. The testimonials are read by a few random people we met in the streets of contemporary Muranów, which was rebuild on the rubble of the Ghetto.

Some 400,000 Jews were trapped in the Warsaw Ghetto. About 300,000 of them were murdered in Treblinka, almost 100,000 died in the Ghetto. On the 19th of April 1943, the Uprising broke out in the Ghetto.


Every day, 400 journalists at Gazeta Wyborcza write verified, fact-checked stories about Polish politics and society, keeping a critical eye on the ruling camp’s persistent assault on democratic values and the rule of law; the growing cultural tension between religious fundamentalism and human rights; and the ongoing COVID-19 epidemic. Our journalists are on the front lines in 25 Polish cities, reporting from the streets, hospitals, and courtrooms about issues that move public opinion.

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